Basic Rules of Blackjack


Blackjack is a game in which players compete against the dealer. The goal is to have a hand value closer to 21 than the dealer’s without going over. Cards numbered 2-10 are worth their printed values, and the ace can count as either 1 or 11. A player’s blackjack beats any other hand that does not have a blackjack (including the dealer’s).

The game is played using a standard 52-card deck. The cards are shuffled by the dealer and dealt to each player in turn. After all the players have a hand, the dealer will reveal theirs and the winner is determined. The rules of blackjack vary slightly between different casinos and games, but basic strategy provides the best odds of winning.

To begin the game, the player must buy in for at least a minimum bet amount of cash. This is done by waiting for a break in the dealing and placing the money on the table felt in front of the dealer. The dealer will then exchange the money for chips. The number of chips won is recorded by the casino and paid out at the end of the round.

In most games, the player is permitted to make side wagers in addition to their blackjack bet. A side bet may pay out if the dealer has a blackjack or if the player’s blackjack is a “natural” (two-card 21). Some games allow players to double down on any number of their original bet amount, while others restrict the amount that can be doubled down. A player who doubles down will win twice as many chips as their initial bet.

Some games have rules that make it unwise to take insurance. This is because the insurance bet pays 2:1, while the odds of a dealer having a blackjack are less than one-third of that. In addition, the player who takes insurance will lose their original bet if they bust.

Blackjack is one of the few casino games in which the house edge is lower than 1%, although this can be offset by player deviations from basic strategy. If the game is played under optimum conditions, the house edge is about 1.4%. Games that pay out fewer than 3:2 on blackjacks increase the house edge by about 1.4%, as well.

The game of blackjack can be very complicated and requires a great deal of skill. Players who do not use basic strategy will lose money over the long run. However, if a player uses basic strategy, they will lose on average less than 1% of their total bets. This makes it one of the few casino games where a skilled player can expect to make a profit.